Macular degeneration is a common eye disease that causes deterioration of the macula, the central part of the retina. We specialize in treating and caring for macular degeneration at Highlands Optometry in the Wise and Bristol, areas. Learn the answers to some of the most common macular degeneration questions below.
Macular degeneration is most common in people over 65, but it is not always the cause. Young adults and children can inherit the disease and certain drugs can cause it.
There are no proven methods to prevent macular degeneration, but you can make certain lifestyle changes to help. For example, it's always best to wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from harmful ultraviolet rays. Your diet could also help aid with the prevention of degeneration. Different antioxidants and essential fatty acids can promote healthy vision. Regular exercise and refraining from smoking are also helpful to reduce risk.
Several early warning signs of macular degeneration include the appearance of wavy lines, night vision difficulty, and shadows in the central part of your eye. An optometrist can identify early indicators, so routine eye exams are essential.
Macular degeneration is categorized as either wet or dry. Dry is the most common, and it generally results from thinning of the macula. Wet macular degeneration occurs when blood vessels grow from below the retina. It causes leakage and cells in the retina to die, leading to blind spots.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for the disease, but there are different methods to slow the progression. Early diagnosis is the best course of action for treating macular degeneration. You should have a yearly eye exam even if you have no concerning eye symptoms.
Several treatments for macular degeneration include injections and laser surgery for wet degeneration. Unfortunately, there are no FDA-approved options for dry degeneration, but clinical studies support nutritional supplements, antioxidants, and nutrients to slow the progression.
Our professionals from Highlands Optometry are here to answer all of your concerns regarding macular degeneration. We have helped numerous patients in the Wise and Bristol, areas, and we are equipped with the technology and resources to combat this disease. Contact our office today to book your eye exam.